When choosing to attend college, many students elect to take standardized exams to supplement their application materials. Some schools even require these tests, while others do not. There are two main tests for students applying for undergraduate studies—the SAT and ACT. While these tests measure similar aptitudes, they are different. In this guest post, Kevin Organiciak, Founder and Chief Learning Officer over at TPAPT (The Association of Test Prep, Admissions, & Private Tutoring), dives into the SAT vs ACT and how to choose which standardized test is the right option for you.
First things first - let's go through the basics of both tests through this T-chart so you can get an idea of what each one has to offer:
The SAT is the most popular college entrance examination. This test measures student success in reading, writing and language, math, and essay skills. Contrary to what some believe, it is no better or worse than any other college entrance exam or requirement.
It is important to note that while some parts of the SAT allow students to use a calculator on the Math section, others do not. Also on the topic of Math, your score on the Math section of the SAT accounts for half of your total score, making it extremely important.
The ACT is the other major standardized college entrance exam. While many students take the test each year, it is slightly less popular than the SAT.
As you can see from the T-chart above, the core subjects for the SAT and ACT are nearly the same, except the ACT also has a science reasoning section.
Overall, the ACT is slightly shorter. This test also allows you to use a calculator, but this time you can use it on all math sections. In terms of the scoring breakdown among the sections, each of the four sections is worth 25% of your final score, making them of equal weights.
Prior to 2016, any guesses made on the SAT were subject to be penalized if you guessed the wrong answer. However, it is important to note that now, there is no guessing penalty for either test, so once you narrow down those answer choices to as few as possible, guess away!
Colleges and universities that require entrance examinations do not have any preference to which test students take or submit. You could theoretically take both tests, but that is an unnecessary undertaking. Neither test is easier than its counterpart, so at the end of the day, you should settle on focusing your preparation efforts on the standardized test that you feel you will most excel at, given the parameters and constraints of each.
There are many ways to choose which test to take, but the first thing you should consider is which test will highlight your strengths more. For students who are strong in Science and English subjects, the ACT might be more up your alley. However, if you are a student who struggles in science reasoning but you are strong in math, opting for the SAT may be a better choice.
Next, it is certainly helpful to consider factors other than academic strengths, such as your personal testing style, and the innate advantages and disadvantages of each test. For example, if you are a whiz at answering a lot of questions in a short amount of time, consider the ACT instead of the SAT, because it is tighter on its constraints in terms of time per question.
Ultimately, the best way to actually go about deciding which test is best for you is to try out both by taking full-length practice tests and comparing your scores and percentiles.
The cost of the two tests is essentially the same. The SAT is $49.50 for Writing/ Reading/ and Math. The essay portion drives the test up to $64.50. On the other hand, the ACT is $52 without the essay and $68 with it. This marginal difference is not enough to deter most test-takers. The SAT, however, offers some fee waivers for students in need.
The ACT and SAT are similar tests as far as costs, guessing penalties, and acceptance at colleges and universities go. Schools also do not prefer one test over the other, therefore, you should consider the strengths that are being put into play for each test, and focus your time and efforts on the one that you think will best identify your personal strengths.